The intersection of Britain and energy and climatic change department were announced on the 19th, the construction plan of a new nuclear power station of the southwest of England has already been criticized, this measure will bring about an advance in low-carbon energy and promote the economic growth. This is that a British government sanctioned the newly-built nuclear power station for the first time since 1995.
Energy, and climatic change portion release communique, say new nuclear power station select the site on the intersection of England and the intersection of Somerset and the intersection of corner and district, Hinckley of prefecture, of the southwest the same day, run by branch company under Electricite De France. The new nuclear power station includes two piles, will offer required electricity to about 5 million families after building up. The intersection of project and total capital cost this reach hundreds of millions of, construction period can create more than 20,000 employment opportunities alone, have 900 permanent work positions after running formally.
According to the 23rd of Britain ” The Times ” on August 23, one of the biggest energy companies of Britain, the second major supply of electric power Shangnan Scottish Utilities Electric Co. call since October 15 this year, heighten the electric fee in an all-round way ‘ Electric rate, coal gas fee The price, raise the price the range is up to 9%, far exceeds 2.5% of the average amount of the increase that British Central Bank estimates before this.
It is estimated wheel this rise, might influence Britain 5 million the intersection of power consuming and family and 3,400,000 coal gas users directly, use the electric family of this company to intimidate many pairs of bills over 1200 pounds every year at the same time.
In May of this year, south Scottish Utilities Electric Co. has already carried on a energy and risen in price, the range is 2% to rise in price, raises an increase of over 1,300 million pounds that month by this measure alone. But this company says, because the energy supply price of enterprise that British national electric wire netting,etc. supplies power for the electric wholesale market is increasing constantly, rise in price, belong to act cannot help but, claim, try, last, rise more no longer price this to next autumn.
2011 year, Britain six major the intersection of energy and giant raise the price one after another even numerous price rising, though the intersection of British and the intersection of energy and price fall a little after rise while being global this year, but because the price of the electric wholesale market is rising constantly, the new round of tide of rising in price may can hardly be avoided. Some experts suggest too that should carry on stricter supervision to the energy supply chain, improve the transparency.
Since nuclear accident of Fukushima of last year, the loss of the Japanese nuclear power trade has already reached record-breaking 3,600 billion Japanese yen nearly equal to 288,300 million yuan ,A fiscal year when was nearly equal to finishing on March 31, 2004 is to finish the sum of the profits in a fiscal year on March 31, 2010. Meanwhile, Japanese Government plans to force the electric enterprises of the regional monopoly to divide up transmitting electricity and assets of generating electricity. Adjust, aim at, stimulate competition this time, the intersection of Japanese and whom power industry face change on a large scale most after World War II.
China throws Song ZhiChen, researcher of advisor energy trade, and thinks, the nuclear power is difficult to be brilliant in the past now after Japan received the heavy losses, whether could play an important role to still need checking and study carefully in the electric blueprint of energy in the future. First of all, Fukushima incident causes Japanese nuclear power enterprises to suffer great loss, enterprises ” resume primordial qi ” freshly and capable in short term ,Have no other way out besides appearing to relieve in the government, enterprise’s sustainable profit ability of nuclear power makes people worried. Although some nuclear power units have already been restarted, have ” aed ridiculously inadequate effort to save a grave situation ” It is difficult to resolve to ” have little food to eat ” It is tired. Move and grow in intensity against the core, is suspected of swallowing up the nuclear power big.
Secondly, energy security forces Japanese Government to talk over at length. Nuclear safety and profit ability in line are investigated and weighed by making the action, but uranium resource shortages are difficult to solve in short term. As strategic reserves resources, uranium has been fallen over each other to accept ” fragrant bun ” stored by the world powerful country all the time . The predicament which is short of uranium of Japan is more and more serious, depend on in a large amount import causes energy security to be under one’s control, Japanese Government will not ingore energy security, regards nuclear power as energy development of the pillar for a long time.
Finally, the nuclear power is a major direction of world energy’s development that go. Japanese Government or already careful to know, get reliance bury the disaster for supply of electric power too much to nuclear power, it is taken and has not fixed the nuclear powers of 2030 years than even after stalling for a long time. At the hearing aiming at appraising Japan’s long-term energy policy once held in the government, 70% of the people support the choice of a nuclear power. Germany has already taken the lead in taking a stand, enters de-nuclearization era ten years later, flairs, electric enterprise of Germany improving the apparatus turn sight to the new energy field, this has represented major direction of world energy’s development, is worth Japan’s studying and using for reference.
China throws the advisor and studies a inkstone continuous heavy rain of director to point out, the nuclear power is the important component that the electricity of energy forms, in order to ensure electric supply to make enormous contribution. The Chinese nuclear power undertaking relatively starts late, it is very fast to develop, although generation is limited, but become the energy utilization way that can’t be ignored. Fukushima incident has caused striking to Chinese nuclear power trade seriously, the government sizes up the situation and closes down all nuclear power units, overhaul, arrange, check nuclear power generating equipment in an all-round way, guarantee potential safety hazard ” disappear at invisible ” .
According to March 12 of Agence France-Presse, the economic industry province of Japan announces, has already succeeded in drawing the combustible ice from the sea floor, it is expected to relieve the energy pressure. And the Japanese relevant person is anxious, it initiates the environmental problem to exploit the course, accelerate the global warming, and destroy the marine ecosystem.
The officers of economic industry province of Japan represent, the petroleum and natural gas and experiment group which the metal mineral products company led have already succeeded in drawing the combustible ice from the sea floor, this is the global first passage decomposes and contains a large number of natural gas compositions in the sea floor ” The combustible ice ” Obtain the natural gas.
Japanese the intersection of financial group and petroleum and natural gas and metal the intersection of mineral products and top management of the companay show, try, come into operation by technology combustible ice before will it be March 2019 year, will bring a kind of comparatively clean energy supply when the time comes. It is introduced, this financial group had already begun the initial preparation last February, had begun two – week experiment production on the 12th of this month.
Find while carrying on the investigation in the eastern area of sea area before the economic industry province of Japan is early, the sea floor of this place contains the methane hydrate of 1,100 billion cubic meters at least, is also called the combustible ice, it is equivalent to the consumption of natural gas of about 11 years of Japan.
The combustible ice is placed the great expectations as the energy of new generation. Japanese Government has already determined to support the private enterprise to develop the offshore production platform of liquefied natural gas, if will succeed in exploiting on one side of the sea of Japan out natural gas hydrate and petroleum in the future, every company in along there set up is office county last base,might promote this by local industry and employment.
Since Japanese violent earthquake last year touched off crisis of kernel of Fukushima, Japan has shut off a plurality of nuclear reactors, make the import volume of natural gas heighten, Japan imports the most country of liquified natural gas in the whole world at present, and exploit the helpful Shu’s slow energy pressure of combustible ice.
Exploit the combustible ice and is considered as the outlet which solves the future energy shortage, but if Japan should exploit in a large amount, must face huge energy consumption question and issue on environmental protection first.
It is reported, the combustible ice is distributed irregularly, not so steady as the oil gas field. Methods to exploit combustible ice are different, the required expenses are different too, and the expenses which survey the marine combustible ice are far higher than the land. According to engineering level at present, transport, answer required energy in ground the intersection of sea floor and combustible ice, far higher than one’s own energy content, and exploit capital expenditure enormously.
And environmental protection is another realistic problem, because the chemical state of methane hydrate is unstable, will release several megaton methane bubble while exploiting. The Japanese relevant person is anxious, this will cause the combustible ice to gasify in a large amount, will spread in the atmosphere, can make the intersection of the earth and temperature on average rise 4 ℃ within 10 years, accelerate the global warming. Meanwhile, put and exploit the machine in the sea in a large amount, certainly will destroy the marine ecosystem. Zhang WenDi
According to August 26 of Nigerian media, a statement invokes Nigerian card governor Patrick Yakowa Du NaZhou’s words to express, this state will build 30MW solar energy power station soon.
Statement this receive the intersection of state and the intersection of media and senior special assistant, sign by the intersection of card and Du. According to this statement, Yakowa has already signed the memorandum of understanding on power generating matters of solar energy on Friday and German enterprise Helios Energy.
This statement shows, this memorandum of understanding was signed according to Nigeria – German energy cooperative programme, Helios Energy is expected to invest 50 million euro and used for building this power plant.
This project carries out the standard in order to build, manage and transfer BOT The plan, duration was 25.
Card Du receive state government, offer hectare of lands for this facility, and Helios Energy this state the intersection of staff training and operation knowledge of hydropower station.
This statement quotes the words of Yakowa, 30MW solar energy hydropower station promote the economic activity in the state. Yakowa points out, this solar energy project will consolidate three focal points of the government: Safe and unifying and developing.
Nigeria – German energy cooperative programme coordinator Jeremy Gaines says, should cooperate and strengthen the economic activity of the card Du NaZhou, attract more direct foreign investment.
First grade bend over the intersection of manufacturer and Aunars of the intersection of Sri Lankan and solar energy NASDAQ only: CSIQ The subsidiary Canadian Solar Solutions signs the agreement recently, builds two of new light and bends over the power station for Penn Energy Renewables under command. According to EPC agreement, two power stations that the subsidiary builds and runs in Ontario of Canada unite the exporting amount of electricity and reach 18.7MW AC . The hydropower station is expected to begin construction in the third quarter of 2012, totally put into operation by the middle ten days of 2013. The financial detail has not revealed yet.
Sean McCloskey of Penn Energy Renewables Company claims: “As bend over developer and long-term investor of project only by solar energy, we all-round to serve impression to be extremely deep to Aunars of the intersection of Sri Lankan and solar energy, include the assembly made in Ontario, EPC service and long-term operation and maintenance service offered. ”
Aunars of the intersection of Sri Lankan and solar energy say, will offer over 100 openings in development and construction stage Company.
Japan start large meal behind the nuclear power station again since July, all parts object to the nuclear voice that generate electricity rise one after another. Administering Hiroshima, Chinese Shimane site Songjiang of nuclear power station of Utilities Electric Co. of bird fetching, Shimane,etc. county supply of electric power has held a protest rally that is participated in by ordinary citizens too, appeal for realizing a nuclear power society.
According to Japanese media, on September 2, the country of the market of Songjiang guides Exhibition Center and is held and does not ” allow to operate in the site of Chinese Utilities Electric Co. Shimane nuclear power station! Zero is nuclear to generate electricity 1000 persons gather ” . Gather in the executive committee composed of citizens volunteers and sponsor. The conferee is on the meeting in order to popularize utilizing energies to wait for, discuss method not relying on the nuclear society that generates electricity again how to realize another.
Gather the participant mainly comes from bird fetching, mountain of Shimane, ridge, Hiroshima and mountain pass,etc. 5 local county, about 1300 people of China.
In March of 2012, were made up of about 300 enterprise operators from China of Japan ” from the network meeting of the operator whose respect considers the economic question of energy ” ,Selected as the public conference that secretary of this meeting representatives’ Suzuki Ti lies between participating in and holds in Songjiang on the 2nd. On the meeting, Suzuki Ti ” nuclear power generating sport of opposition concluded through our institute of lying between and raising a cry of warning, expand the self-sufficient mechanism of energy outwards since one’s own at one’s side, this is a very important thing ” .
After gathering, about 1000 conferees have also held parade of about 2 kilometers, the procession shouts all the way ” Object to starting the nuclear power station again ” , ” the natural energy is good ” Slogan,pass by Utilities Electric Co. Shimane sub-branch ago since Chinese, be concentrated by county government of Shimane office building finally.
Japanese Government will make the nuclear policy facing 2030 years, we think we should all abolish the nuclear power.
We have thought that it is necessary to take the opportunity of accident of Fukushima nuclear power station to change energy and environmental policy by a wide margin. The more difficult to feel sleepy the setting-up of the new nuclear power station will be, will drop the depending on of nuclear power too.
However, it is not a wise move to totally abolish the nuclear power. Because Japanese nuclear power is only 4% of degree of self-sufficiency of energy. Except natural energy, the intersection of Japan and China it produces energy to be only a small amount of petroleum and natural gas. The capability of the natural resources is uncertain. Can the cost of electricity-generating drop? Does the steady supply of the electricity have obstacles? At present, the natural resources generates electricity and is still at the stage of fumbling, can’t totally rely on, there must be other options. We realized the excessive danger that relied on a certain energy from two oil crises in the seventies of last century. If Japan is chosen the policy of a nuclear power, then the weakness that the rich country of resource catches Japan will be inevitable. Must select, stay in hand a plurality of, this is broad security need that is had. German petroleum generate electricity, offer 30% electricity, decision abolish nuclear power last year, make, pass long-term winding controversy before the the decision. On the contrary, Sweden has frozen the policy of the complete abolition nuclear power determined in the eighties. If generation of electric power by thermal power totally substitutes the nuclear power, then the import volume of petroleum and natural gas must increase greatly. Increase and power shortage of the fuel expenses will offer Japan economy with the negative effect. Also consider the warm question that melts of the earth. The nuclear power can reduce the emission of the gas of the greenhouse effectively, there is settlement that responsibility is devoted to this human common problem in Japan.
Certainly, it is a prerequisite that the nuclear power is safe, this is the main reason that people object to the nuclear power. How could really guarantee people’s security? Hope the government can proceed from the situation as a whole and make the responsible judgement.
On August 31, Japanese Government announced that realizes the development new strategy of the leap of regenerated energy, the goal is to enable sea windward strength, geothermol power, bionass, ocean the wave, tide by 2030 The generating capacity of four fields is expanded to more than 6 times of 2010.
According to generating capacity of every field, the generating capacity of windward strength of sea should rise to 8,030,000 kilowatts of 2030 years from 30,000 kilowatts in 2010, geothermal power generation should be from improvement of 530,000 kilowatts to 3,880,000 kilowatts, bionass generate electricity and rise to 6 million kilowatts from 2,400,000 kilowatts, still at the marine energy which studies stage at present to generate electricity and improve to 1,500,000 kilowatts too.
Japanese Government issues on September 6 ” Innovative energy and environmental strategy ” The draft, propose ” getting rid of and relying on the nuclear power as soon as possible ” Goal,this with ” expand by green energy ” , ” steady supply of the energy ” Form the great core of the energy strategy 3 in the future of Japan together. The draft stipulates that divides two stages to realize ” A nuclear power ” ,The proportion of power generating of nuclear power is lower than 15% by 2030 at the first stage, argued strongly and abolished the nuclear power station hereafter. Japan has 50 of nuclear reactor at present, if ” abolish and pile ” according to service life strictly ,And on condition that increase the nuclear power station newly, at the latest 40 years later, around only 2050, Japan will say good-bye to the nuclear power station, will really welcome ” a nuclear power ” Era
Japanese Government issued on September 6 ” Innovative energy and environmental strategy ” The draft is pointed out, if does not increase the nuclear power station newly, according to the principle of the service life of 40 years of nuclear power station, the proportion of power generating of nuclear power will be dropped to 15% by 2030, but the draft has not indicated that realize the concrete time limit of a nuclear power.
The environmental fact-finding meeting of democratic inner-party energy puts forward the research report on the same day too, propose yes ” The thirties of 21st century ” Realize a nuclear power station.
The investigation of public opinion reveals, nearly 90% of the Japanese people support ” a nuclear power ” ,Someone also closed the large meal nuclear power station restarted to litigate. But Japanese Government estimates, if abolish the existing nuclear power station, the electric rate will increase by twice, this produce to economy and national life cause big influence, draft if content should become decision of the government, it is not a scene of level road.
Propose abolishing government’s draft of nuclear power
” 3 11 ” for 2011 years The accident of nuclear power station that the east Japan’s heavy earthquake initiates, has let people realize the ferocious side of nuclear power, this impels all countries of Europe to pass the policy of abolishing nuclear power. Country concerned Japan has strengthened the concern about green energies such as solar energy, wind-force, geothermol power,etc. too, and under the push of the will of the people” Realize a nuclear power ” Bring into the agenda.
The national free discussion result of Japan’s energy policy reveals, Japanese people, to ” a nuclear power ” Supporting rate total up to 89.6%. The opinion of advocating abolishing the nuclear power station immediately among them accounts for 81%, 8.6% requirements realize ” a nuclear power ” progressively stage by stage Goal.
Will it be the end August, the intersection of Japan and national strategy take on the intersection of minister and ancient Sichuan, long to say, strive, gather appear new the intersection of energy and environmental strategy draft as soon as possible at press conference yuan have, and claim ” the energy structure that will been relying on the nuclear power all the time in the future is unsatisfactory ” ,Should realize hard ” A nuclear power ” Goal.
Explaining and pursuing ” A nuclear power ” At the time of the reason, Gu Chuan claims because someone is forced to leave the native place so far in the nuclear accident of Fukushima, some places are unable to live, prevent this kind of situation from recuring. But ancient Sichuan expresses and realizes ” A nuclear power ” Can’t accomplish in one move.
It is called that Japanese Government issues on the 6th ” Innovative energy and environmental strategy ” New energy strategy draft. The draft is proposed ” Will get rid of and rely on the nuclear power as soon as possible ” Goal,and it form a complete set last ” it is green without being expanded energy ” ” , realization ” The steady supply of the energy ” Two major policies, these 3 points will form the energy strategy core in the future in Japan.
The draft stipulates that divides two stages to realize ” A nuclear power ” ,The proportion of power generating of nuclear power is lower than 15% by 2030 at the first stage, argued strongly and abolished the nuclear power station hereafter, but not indicated that realize the concrete time of a nuclear power.
The draft lists 3 principles on the nuclear power station: First, no longer newly build the nuclear power station; Second, according with the nuclear power station of the new safety standard longest can operate for 40 years; Third, if the demand for the nuclear power is reduced with mass use of other energies, even can also consider stopping to operate in the nuclear power station not elapsing 40 years.
The draft stipulates clearly that must just restart the now suspended nuclear power station after confirming security and necessity. The draft is still drawn together and stopped ” Wen Shu ” Number fast neutron breeder reactor, and discuss to abolish contents such as Atomic Energy Commission,etc..
Realized in 2050 at the latest or
There are 50 of nuclear reactor in Japan at present, ” abolishes and piles ” according to service life strictly ,last 15% nuclear power by 2030 power generating proportion, on condition that increase the nuclear power station newly, it was around 2050 after 40 years at the latest, Japan will say good-bye to the nuclear power station.
Democratic Party energy and environmental fact-finding meeting in power put forward the recommendation on the 6th, it is here to require the government ” The thirties of 21st century ” Realize a nuclear power station, carry out the nuclear power station and operates for time and does not exceed the regulation in 40 years strictly, in addition demand to revise the policy that the nuclear waste material recycles completely.
The former sincere department went to prime minister’s official residence on the the morning of the 7th, submitted the fact-finding meeting recommendation to wild Tian Jia swallow of prime minister before the democratic party and government transferred a president, require ” invests all policy resources and makes ‘ a nuclear power ‘ become possible in 1930′s ” . Japanese Government is scheduled to combine Democratic Party and suggest gathering the draft this week, and decide formal scheme, ” a nuclear power ” at official’s meeting of the pavilion It is expected to become Japan’s official decision.
In addition, Japan is non-governmental to abolish the nuclear power to organize holding the meeting in House of Representatives’ Congressman’s association on the 4th, have announced that realized the basic bill of abolishing nuclear power goal 2025 years ago as soon as possible.
The basic bill points out, the core generates electricity enormously and potential and dangerously, there is a radioactive offal problem, can not guarantee the energy form of dependability and security. Organization this the intersection of palace and valiant fighter and sickle, writer of reportage, field intelligent to wait for someone to take on a advisor by former space, president of federation, lawyer of Japanese.
This organization tries to submit the above-mentioned bill during this Congress, will call upon every group to agree. About 40 members of congress such as the straight people of villous themeda of former prime minister have attended the meeting on the same day. The straight people of villous themeda say on the above-mentioned bill: “Agree with its aim and content in an all-round way. ”
Realize ” a nuclear power ” The cost is enormous
The economic industry province of Japan realizes in the future ” A nuclear power ” Subject and influence that will face have carried on the assessment. Assess the file to point out, with the withdrawal from the nuclear power field, Japanese Government will lack room for maneuver while purchasing the negotiation in liquefied natural gas and crude oil, it is not merely electric rate, firing gas expense and kerosene fee expenditure may increase.
According to assessing, if realized ” a nuclear power ” in 2030 ,Including electric rate family hot expenditure reach 32243 Japanese yen at most every month only ‘ Nearly shut 2600 yuan ,This amount of money is about twice of the real expenditure of 16900 Japanese yen in 2010. Even adopted 2030 accounted for the nuclear power than the scheme that is reduced to 15%, the average electric rate will be increased to 29290 Japanese yen every month.
According to another government of Japan estimates, expands and utilizes replacing regenerated energy such as the solar energy in the nuclear power station, need enormous investment. If should realize a nuclear power in 2030, the generation of the regenerated energy needs to increase from 106 billion kilowatt hours in 2010 to 350 billion kilowatt hours; If account for than drop 15% to nuclear power 2030 year, regenerated energy generation takes to increase to 300 billion kilowatt hours. The necessary capital cost realizing the above goals is expected for 50,000 billion Japanese yen and 40,000 billion Japanese yen respectively ‘ Nearly shut 4,000 billion yuan and 3,600 billion yuan separately .
Japanese Government holds the environmental meeting of energy on the 4th, a wild good fortune man of multiparity minister except recommends realizing ” a nuclear power ” at the meeting The fund cost is enormous outside, has also proposed a great deal of other difficult problems, for instance, after the nuclear fuel recycles the policy to abolish, it may be difficult to preserve the station with exhausted fuel to keep going down; It causes the technological brain drain of nuclear energy to close the nuclear power station; Develop existence to worry etc. in follow-up to the relevant area of nuclear power station.
The nuclear power policy will become the general election focus
” it is difficult to ask the god to be apt to send the god off ” ,Once country take shape, rely on to nuclear power station, want, turn back, demand enormous cost, face resistance in many ways.
The proportion of power generating of Japanese nuclear power is about 30% now, if should pursue ” a nuclear power ” ,Will receive the strong opposition of the industrial circle at first.
Many Japanese enterprises already can’t bear high price of electricity, high wage of Japanese China and turn sight to the cheap country in Southeast Asia of the cost one after another, abolish nuclear power, push away, rise price of electricity, accelerate enterprise to ” flee from ” day further Native paces, cause the Japan-China China’s manufacturing ” cavity ” ,And then lift the rate of unemployment. And the high price of electricity will strengthen people’s living burden. Japanese Government is choosing ” The long pain ” ” short pain ” Between difficulty choice.
Analyze, in the following House of Representatives’ general election, the nuclear power policy of every party will become one of the competition focuses. Democratic Party that once advanced the nuclear power in a more cost-effective manner transfers to become and abolish the leading army of the nuclear power, this is for cooperating with electing, cater to the act of the will of the people and already truly do ” broken wrist ” well Preparation,unable to find out.